Try these bee-friendly natural dye plants

Stack functions in your garden for beautiful, natural dye plants that provide food for the bees!

Watching the transformation of our homestead over the past year really has been a treat. When we first installed the hugelkultur bed and started planting, we were mostly growing food for the kitchen and pantry and some bee forage. Nearly two years later, we’ve shifted to a bee-first attitude at least 50% of the property planted with bee forage and natural dye plants. Taking care of our pollinators and others’ is a central purpose for us these days.

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This is what 4500+ Indigo starts look like!
This is what 4500+ Indigo starts look like!

The most recent experiment we’re trying out is to see how well we can farm 4500 indigo plants we’ve planted at 8th & Bee this Summer. Indigo has been prized for centuries for its scrumptious blue hue (along with its cousin on the color wheel, Woad), and is seeing a resurgent use among artisan dyers and textile fanatics.

Earlier this year, Tiffany completed a 100-day compost of dried indigo with a collective of folks working down in Marin county — to evaluate the economic viability of growing it and selling the composted, fermented dye. It’s part of the growing fibershed movement in the North Bay to produce sustainable, locally crafted textiles and garments (curious about the fibershed movement? Read more here).

The experience inspired us to test how well we could grow indigo in a small space, around our homestead. Enter the 12 flats of young indigo Tiffany bought from the collective. We’ll hopefully harvest and process enough for a 55 gallon dye vat, and we’re stacking functions because the bees love the indigo flowers.

In true permaculture function stacking spirit, we have planted a number of other natural dye plants that are beloved by our bees for food and will eventually provide us with a rainbow of dye sources. Here’s what we’re experimenting with at the homestead right now:


Up to 3’H, 18″W

Plant 12″ Apart

Full / Part Sun

Use Flowers; Brown, Green, and Purple dyes


10-18”H, 12-24”W

Plant 2-3’ apart

Full Sun

Use flowers; Orange, yellow, brown dyes



Plant 2-3’ apart, depending on flower size

Full sun

Use flowers; Dye colors vary


Up to 10-12’H and 6-8’W

Plant approx 10’ apart

Full sun to partial shade

Use berries and stems; Purple dye

Use leaves for yellow-green dye


Up to 8’H x 18”W

Plant 12” apart

Full sun to partial shade

Use leaves and stems; Green dye


Up to 6’H x 3’W

Plant 18-36” apart

Full sun to partial shade

Use flower; Dye colors vary

There’s also these bee-friendly natural dye plants that you can try out in your garden or landscape


Up to 4’H x 30”W

Plant 12” Apart

Full sun to partial shade

Use flowers; Gold dye


Up to 6’H

Plant 12-24” apart

Full sun

Use flowers; Green and yellow dyes


Up to 4’H

Full Sun

*Avoid planting near brassicas

Use leaves; Blue dye

Looking for expert advice on harvesting and using your dye plants? We wholeheartedly recommend the awesome Rebecca Burgess’s book, Harvesting Color: How to Find Plants and Make Natural Dyes. Happy planting!


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